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Supporting youth for education is very good work

This is a quote of Jogesh Shrestha, field worker and advisor of the (local) NGO All Angels Nepal, www.allangelsnepal.org (further indicated by “AAN”). This is also exactly what we our “Stichting Dugunagadi Nepal” aims to do. We are working, with your (financial) help, on setting up a training system to support youth in Nepal and help them to become financially independent and to give them a “own” future.

To do so, we settled a long-term cooperation with Jogesh Shrestha and Anima Shrestha (president of the NGO). “AAN” has a direct relationship with a Dutch foundation: www.angelnepal.nl located in the city of Deurne, Noord Brabant. The president (Angelique van Hoof) of this foundation is the foster mother of Jogesh and Anima. Angelique has already gained many years of experience in the relief and construction projects in the rural regions of Nepal. We are particularly pleased with the assistance offered by the Dutch and the Nepalese foundation. Also important to mention that the personal relationship is excellent. Without the assistance of “AAN” it was not possible to work out this paper/note.

The board and their advisor of the foundation “Stichting Dugunagadi Nepal” visited Kathmandu/Nepal in October 2016. It should be emphasized that this trip to Nepal was made at the board members own expense. The members of the board are mrs. drs. Hennie van Deijck (secretary/treasurer) and me mr. drs. Paul van Boekel RA (chairman). We were accompanied by mr. Udo Tjebbes (permanent advisor of the foundation).

Jogesh is living in Kathmandu. He studied bachelors “IT engineering” and completed masters in “Rural Development”.

 

The definition of the problem in Nepal

 In Nepal the situation is that, many young people cannot continue higher education just because there are no financial sources. It would be great to support youth of Nepal.
There are many school dropouts especially in the villages/ in rural areas. Great to have a program for talented young boys and girls who want to continue higher education. 

 

The local infrastructure to reach the goal

A combination of talent and motivation is the starting point to identify the youngsters, boys and girls who have completed grade 10 (abbreviated “S.E.E.”, for further explanation see below). The NGO “AAN” will support us/ actually carry out the identification and guide the entire process from beginning to end of the studies. From the start of the study until the receipt of the diploma. Supervising the search for a job is also part of the task. 

There are certain training institutes that guarantee (100%) a job and income after successful completion of the study. 

 

Employment in Nepal

Perspective on finding work in Nepal is positive in the following professions (random list):

  • Engineering (civil and IT)
  • Hotel management
  • Care and nursing
  • Working for NGOs
  • Some banks with reputation and multinationals
  • Plumbers, welders and electricians 

We on purposely focus away from jobs in the government (the reasons are assumed to be known).

The goal is to preserve youth for Nepal itself. This can’t be guaranteed of course, but creating the optimal situation to achieve is our aim. According to ILO, in 2011, 1.9 million Nepalese lives abroad. This is around 8,3% of the total population. In 2013/14, for example, the Government of Nepal granted 519.638 labour permits. Labour migration is massive. The positive side of this migration abroad is that money flows back (remittances) into Nepal. The share of GDP doubled in a decade from 14,9% in 2005/06 to 32,6% in 2015/16. Close to 50% of the people in Nepal, rely on financial help from relatives abroad. With this knowledge, our preference is to keep the people in and working for the economy in the country. 

 

Formal education system of Nepal

The formal education system of Nepal has a school system that runs up to the 10th grade and then switches to the national level Secondary Education Examination (hereafter: SEE). Upon completion of their SEE, students can complete an intermediate level of education (10+2) in a variety of sectors of 2 years or 3 years technical course (nursing/ engineering) and pursue for bachelors degree of generally 4 years.

There are both private and governments schools/colleges for all levels. In general, the private schools/colleges are perceived as much better in quality as the governmental schools/colleges. However, the government schools are free of costs and thus parents who cannot afford private schooling send their children to the government schools. For higher degrees there are very limited possibilities and getting admission are very limited even to the talented students. 

The average yearly schedule for different levels of education are shown in the table below.

Education level Start Completion
SEE Non relevant March/April
Intermediate (10+2)  July/August May/June 
Bachelors  September/November Not relevant 

 

Non–formal education system in Nepal 

Technical and Vocational Education System in Nepal
The Council for Technical Education and Vocational Training (hereafter: CTEVT) was constituted in 1989 and is a national autonomous apex body of Technical and Vocational Education and Training (hereafter: TVET) sector committed for the production of technical and skilful human resources required for the nation. It mainly involves in policy formulation, quality control, preparation of competency based curriculum, developing skill standards of various occupations and testing the skills of the people, conduct various research studies and training needs assessment etc. 

Vocational Training Provision
The aim is to provide certain professional and vocational skills to the people who are either unable to gain higher education or are interested to gain certain vocational/professional skills for their better professional career. CTEVT through its own has managed and affiliated technical schools and training centres and has been running various vocational training programs of short duration ranging from 39 hours to 1.500 hours. The courses that are offered by CTEVT are based on the demand and needs of the people, especially in the field of agriculture, engineering, health, tourism, management and IT. (We have a full list available of all types of trainings, which are provided by CTEVT).

Our approach to our project/ plans
(Here is the NGO AAN active, our “ears and eyes” on the spot) 

  1. Instead of choosing age groups, we will choose students who have completed SEE or intermediate or both.
  2. Apart from the formal/well-known educations/trainings in building and construction, in hotel/hospitality and/or tour/mountain guides etc. we also will have a focus on professions with a good potential to earn proper income for the students in the future. Beautician and tailoring are such other sectors for which there are many opportunities to find jobs and to start-up small enterprises.
  3. A duration of the training with a length of a maximum of 2 years or formal education up to 3-4 years formal education. Technical and vocational training for dropout’s and formal education for educated youths.
  4. Contribution on those who have no opportunities to receive training or education.
  5. The aim is to support as many girls as boys.
  6. For the identification of the youth, we have planned some criteria. It is an on score basis measurement. Obviously, it can and will be adapted in the future. As follows:
  7. The available budget will be limited and so the scores see above, will determine the allocation of places in addition to the conclusions from the interview to be conducted. The interview will in particular provide insight into motivation of the children. This is of course also a very important point.
  8. A similar score-system can be developed for non-formal education as well.
  9. It is also very wise and important to discuss with the village council (in the rural region). The smallest unit ward representative will help in verification of citizenship, relationship with parents and other related documents. In fact, the government directs all agencies to work closely with the newly elected representative of the ward. We have to sing a pre-consensus agreement with rural the municipality councils for all projects.
  10. The best way for the verification will be to visit each applicant at house.